Charging equipment for electric road vehicles

Electric driving is the future. To participate in the environmentally friendly story, the necessary charging infrastructure must be provided. That is why more and more efforts are being made to install fixed charging equipment, both by private individuals and companies. Naturally, a number of technical regulations also apply to this.

A charging device contains one or more connection points through which energy is transferred to the electric vehicle. In the case of a permanently connected charging cable, this connection point is located at the end of this cable. In domestic installations, in most cases there will be only one charging device, with one connection point.

Laadpas elektrische wagen

Installation instructions

Each connection point must be powered via an exclusively allocated circuit. The protective devices to be installed for this purpose are located in the loading facility, either in the upstream distribution board, or a combination of both. In concrete terms, this concerns:

An individual differential current protection device with a response current of a maximum of 30mA
An individual overcurrent protection device (circuit breaker)

When installing, the expected external influences must also be taken into account. In this respect, collision protection must be provided as soon as there is a reasonable risk of collision.

The manufacturer’s instructions must also always be followed.

CD fault currents

Charging devices appear to be known to generate non-negligible DC fault currents. Naturally, the upstream installation, and more specifically the differential current protection devices, must be able to withstand this. A type A differential current protection device has guaranteed operation up to a maximum of 6mA DC. In the case of larger DC fault currents, there is a chance that it will be made “blind”.

To address this, there are several solutions:

The assigned current path of the connection point is equipped with a residual direct current detection device of 6mA that causes the electrical equipment to switch off;
The assigned current path of the connection point (and any upstream differential current protection devices) is equipped with a type B differential current protection device.
As soon as several charging devices and/or several connection points are provided, the cumulative effect of all possible DC fault currents must be taken into account .

For private individuals

If you purchase a charger with a professional installation between September 1, 2021 and August 31, 2024, you are entitled to a tax reduction

. Home chargers:

Between 1 January 2024 and 31 December 2024 a tax reduction of 15% with a maximum amount of 225 Euros

The conditions here are that you have green electricity, the charging station must be a smart charging station and the tax benefit is calculated over an amount of 1500 Euro per charging station and per taxpayer.

Home chargers:

Between January 1, 2024 and December 31, 2024 a tax reduction of 15% with a maximum amount of 225 Euro.

The conditions here are that you have green energy, the charging station must be a smart charging station and the tax benefit is calculated on an amount of 1500 Euro per charging station and per taxpayer.

For companies

Companies that buy a charging station between September 1, 2021 and August 31, 2024 and open these chargers to the public, can count on an increased cost deduction.

Companies that only use their charger for their own use and purchase it between 2023 and 2027, will only be entitled to an increased investment deduction.

Public charger:

between 1 January 2023 and 31 August 2024 a 150% cost deduction
The condition here is that the chargers are publicly accessible (for third parties) both during and outside operating hours.

Non-public charger:

between 1 January 2024 and 31 December 2024 an investment deduction of 29.5%
between 1 January 2025 and 31 December 2025 an investment deduction of 24%
between 1 January 2026 and 31 December 2026 an investment deduction of 18.5%
between 1 January 2027 and 31 December 2027 an investment deduction of 13.5%
Decision: buy your charging station today and enjoy the highest possible subsidy, the obligation to install one is coming.

Premium for the purchase of an electric car

Premium for the purchase of an electric car Conditions The premium is aimed at private individuals, non-profit organizations and providers of shared mobility. Both new and second-hand cars are eligible for a premium. A second-hand vehicle must have been registered with the previous owner for at least 3 years and may have been registered for the first time no more than 8 years ago. The premium can be awarded for zero-emission vehicles registered after January 1, 2024. Only zero-emission cars are eligible: fully electric cars and cars with fuel cells. Plug-in hybrid cars are not eligible. The premium is specifically aimed at cars intended for passenger transport (M1), for the transport of goods with a limited weight up to 3500 kg (N1) and heavy micro-city cars (L7e-C). The purchase price of the vehicle may amount to a maximum of 40,000 euros incl. VAT. Furthermore, the original catalog value of a second-hand vehicle may not exceed 60,000 euros incl. VAT. No premium is awarded for more expensive cars. The sales contract for the vehicle was concluded with a car dealer. Procedure The premium cannot currently be applied for. The decision with the conditions, procedure and amounts was approved in principle by the Flemish Government on November 10, 2023, but is still subject to final approval and publication in the Belgian Official Gazette. To qualify for the incentive, you must register within 90 days of signing the vehicle sales agreement. You will be able to register the vehicle via a web application that will be made available via this web page. For vehicles ordered before the date of publication of this decision in the Belgian Official Gazette and after September 25, 2023, the registration must be made within 90 days following the announcement. You provide the necessary supporting documents within 90 days of registering the vehicle upon sale. After registration and after all supporting documents have been submitted and the government has approved the premium application, the premium will be paid in full.
The premium decreases every year by 1,000 euros for new cars and 500 euros for second-hand cars. The premium is also limited in time. The government is thus anticipating market developments in the coming years: a drop in the prices of electric cars is expected once the second-hand market gets going. A private individual can receive the premium a maximum of once. The premium can be paid a maximum of once per vehicle..
Premium amounts for the purchase of an electric vehicle
Aanmelding in 2024 Aanmelding in 2025 Aanmelding in 2026
Newly purchased by natural persons, small and medium-sized enterprises 5000 euro 4000 euro 3000 euro
Newly purchased by large companies 3000 euro 3000 euro 3000 euro
Second-hand 3000 euro 2500 euro 2000 euro
source of this article Premie voor aankoop van een elektrische wagen |


As of 11 March 2021, it is compulsory to provide charging stations at certain new buildings in Flanders. Article 9/1.1.1. of the Energy Decree of 19 November 2010 states that certain buildings and parking areas for which an environmental permit is requested must have charging stations installed as of 11 March 2021.

The new legislation also imposes requirements on existing buildings where no environmental permit has been applied for. By 1 January 2025, companies with more than 20 parking spaces, among others, will have to install at least two charging stations for their employees or visitors, either AC or DC chargers.

More information about the requirements for charging points in parking areas can be found below

Daarnaast komt er vanaf 2025 een verplichting om opladers te plaatsten op parkings van bestaande, niet-residentiele gebouwen. Dit gaat over gebouwen zonder dat er een omgevingsvergunning is aangevraagd.
Daarom geeft de regering nu in Vlaanderen mooie subsidies om de mensen te stimuleren een laadpaal aan te schaffen voor thuis of op hun bedrijf.

Walloon region

The difference with Flanders is that from 11 March 2021 onwards you must install a charger on every parking area and this applies to parking lots with 11 or more parking spots.

For non-residential car parks such as shops, offices, industrial premises, schools, etc., the parking spaces in Wallonia must be equipped with at least one charger and the cables must be laid in order to be able to install a charger for at least 1 in 5 parking spaces in the future.

The rule for installing chargers in non-residential buildings with more than 20 parking spaces as of 2025 is still to be determined.


Specific rules apply to parking lots with at least 10 parking spaces and to new or old parking lots.
If you prefer, we can discuss this in a personal meeting with you.

For those who are looking to install a charging station at home, it is important to first consider where you are going to install the charger – indoors or outdoors? If it is installed indoors, then it is not a problem, but if it is installed outdoors, then it must have a high IP value and be able to withstand all types of weather. The latter also applies to companies that want to charge at their buildings or in the parking lot. If it is a car park where a wall installation is not possible, you will need to purchase an installation pole so that the charger can be installed as a ‘stand alone’ station.

Etrel laadpaal

Fuse box

Also important is the distance from the fuse box to the charger. For home use we recommend to place the charger no more than 5 metres from the fuse box. That way, you can also keep the cost of the cables down. If this is not possible, you will have to use a thicker cable, which will make the installation a lot more expensive.

Another important factor is the electricity grid that you have at your disposal, e.g. single or three-phase, 16A or 32A, etc. Therefore, it is important to buy the right charger, depending on the power supply in your home or business.

At Q. EV. Solutions and distributions, we have certified technicians who will do the installation for you. Be sure to take a look at our page about installation locations, where you can find all the necessary information and prices